what is Staffing? concept, features and process
Hii! I am Deepjit Karmakar, founder of thecommercialinfo.com. today here in this article I am gonna give you concept features and process of staffing.
Concept of staffing
Stuffing is the process of determining manpower requirements in an organisation. It is a function of management concerned with providing people needed to carry out the risk and responsibilities in a business organisation.
Features of staffing
Staffing as a managerial function has some important features. They are explained below:
- Staffing function is performed by every manager in the organisation like other managerial functions, namely planning, organisation, directing and controlling.
- Staffing function is concerned with the acquisition, utilisation and maintenance of the human factor.
- The essence of staffing is to put the right man at the right job, at the right Times.
- Stuffing is a recurring process. It meanss recruitment, selection; training, transfer, promotion etc. are carried out as ongoing process.
- Staffing function is related to employment of both managerial and operative personnel in the organisation.
- Suffering is crucial for successful functioning of the enterprise, i.e. the attainment of enterprise objectives with utmost efficiency and effectiveness.
- Suffering is affected,to some extent, by external factors, i.e . Government policy regarding reservation of seats, for a particular section of society, specially people belonging to backward category.
The staffing process may be studied in two phases-the primary fees and the secondary phase. The different steps under primary and secondary phase are as follows:
A. Primary phase:
The primary phase of stuffing consists of search steps as are basically necessary for acquisition of employees both quantitively and qualitively. This phase includes the following:
1. Manpower planning: This is the first step in the process of staffing. It involves forecasting and determining the number and kind of employees required by the organisation in future. While preparing a manpower planning the manager should consider the following factors:
a) Plains of the organisation relating to its products,, expansion of business etc.
b) Type of technology to be adopted
c) number of employees who may leave the organisation due to requirement or other reasons
d) average number of employees usually absent from the job.
2. Recruitment: It means identifying the source of required manpower and encouraging them to apply for the job in the organisation. YouTube be easy to find out right person for the right job or vacant posts out of large number of applicants.
3. Selection: It is the process of matching the candidates with the jobs in the organisation. Niton valves choosing the fit candidates and rejecting the unfit candidates. Selection involves some steps as preliminary interview, written test, interview, group discussion, medical test etc.
4. Placement: This involves placing right person at the right job by matching job requirements. Proper placement bills of competent and satisfied workforce.
5. Induction orientation: it implies introducing the new employees to the organisation and its policies, deciduous and rules etc. It means of the new employees confidence in the in himself and develops a feeling belonging and loyalty to the organisation.
B) secondary phase
1. Training and development: it is concerned with increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a job. Training is provided within the organisation or outside the organisation or both through various off the job and on the job methods.
2. Performance appraisal: performance appraisal is conducted to evaluate and read the performance of the employees. It helps to determine how will the employees are performing India jobs on that basis the management can take necessary step on matters of promotion, transfer, demotion, salary increase etc.
3. Promotion and career development: The employees who show better performance are promoted to higher positions there should be well defined the promotion policy. Promotion involves higher remuneration and better facilities.
4. Compensation: It relates to the remuneration of employees. Employees should be compensated with fair remuneration for their services rendered to the organisation. It involves the fixation of wages and salaries of the employees.
5. Separation: it is the last element in the staffing process. Separation may take place because of retirement, resignation, termination, death of the employees. Demotion, transfer, welfare of employees, good industrial relations etc. Are some other secondary activities relatives to stuffing which must be taken care of by the human resource manager.