Skip to main content

Principles and techniques of Scientific Management

Meaning of Scientific Management

The literary meaning of scientific management is performing the work of management in a scientific manner. In other words, discarding the traditional approaches to management and adopting newer and more scientific approaches in their place is called scientific management. Taylor has said that before commencing any work, a manner should first analyse it throughly, and only then take any decision.



Definitions of Scientific Management

Various experts has given many different definitions of scientific management. A few of the important definitions are:

(1) According to F.W. Taylor, "Scientific management is the act of knowing exactly what you want men to do and then seeing to it that they do it it in the best and cheapest way."

(2) According to Peter F. Drucker, "The core of scientific management is the organised study of work, the analysis of work into the simplest elements and the systematic improvement of the workers' performance of each element." 

Based on the above discussion, it can be said that scientific management involves studying each activity in deail and in doing so ensure that all the activities of the organisation are accomplished in an economic and effective manner.

Features of Scientific Management

Based upon the above definitions, the following are the main characteristics of scientific management:

(1) Systematic Approach: Scientific management is a systematic approach to management and its use ensures that all activities are completed in a systematic and scientific manner.

(2) Brings complete Mental Change: Scientific management brings about a complete mental change both in the owners as well as the employees of the organisation. Both the parties start aiming for more and better production targets rather than merely chasing higher profits.

(3) Discards Traditional Management: The approach of scientific management completely discards traditional management. It calls for the discarding of old techniques and adoption of new and modern techniques, with the aim of improving the efficiency of employees. This is nothing but the outcome of complete change in attitude.

(4) Requires Strict Observance of Rules: Scientific management requires very strict observance of rules, because the rules are formed only after due analysis and there is very little chance of error in them. Unless the rules are followed strictly the scientific tinge given to management may fade away making it no different from the traditional management.

(5) Improves the Efficiency of Workers: The main aim of scientific management is to increase the efficiency of workers. This is done through conducting various kinds of studies such as time study, motion study and fatigue study.

 The scientific management approach propounded by F.W.Taylor is based upon the following four principles:

Scientific Management

It refers to that management which thinks that by scientifically analysing work, It would be possible to find 'one best way' to do it.
(1) Science, Not Rule of Thumb: This principle says that we should not get stuck in a set routine with the old techniques of doing work, rather we should be constantly experimenting to develop new techniques which make the work much simplier,easier and quicker.

(2) Harmony, Not Discord:  
1/ The principle emphasises that there should be complete harmony between the management and the workers.
2/ This requires 'Mental revolution' on the part of both management and workers. Both management and the workers should transform their thinking.
3/ Management should share gains of the company if any with the workers and workers should work hard and be willing to embrace change for the good of the company.

(3) Cooperation, Not Individualism:  According to this principle, all the activities done by different people must be carried on with a spirit of mutual cooperation. Taylor has suggested that the manager and the workers should jointly determine standards. This increases involvement and thus, in turn, increases responsibility.

(4) Development and Each and Every Person to His or Her Greatest Efficiency and Prosperity: 
1/ This principle is concerned with efficiency of employees which could be built in right from the process of employee selection.

2/ The work assigned to employees should suit their capabilities. They should be given the required training to increase their efficiency.

3/ Efficient employees would produce more and earn more. This will ensure their greatest efficiency and prosperity for both the company and the workers. 

Follow the website from the menu button for more information like this.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Why is Scandinavia so expensive ?

Hi I am Deepjit Karmakar, founder of thecommercialinfo.com and today here in this article I am gonna tell you why Scandinavia is so expensive. Across scandinavia, the average price of everything from a knitted  pay roll neck pastries from the local bakery are some of the highest in the world. Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe that was a historical e made up of three kingdoms: Norway, Sweden and Denmark. They are United by their Viking heritage but also their shared reputation as one of the most expensive regions to live and visit. Whether it's buying a car or a TV. Consumers in Scandinavia pay some of the highest prices in the world. Even buying groceries is costly with all three countries' food and drink prices above the European average. All three countries also have a standard  VAT rate of 25%. Amongst all the European Nations, only Hungary has a higher rate. Heading to the bar is also pretty pricey. In Norway, having a beer or glass of wine will cost in ×2.5 times

Why is Singapore so rich and developed

 Hii! I am Deepjit Karmakar and today here in this article i am gonna tell you that why Singapore is so rich and developed. So, without wasting time let's get started. Singapore: Singapore is a tiny country, so tiny you can drive accross the island in just one hour. Despite its size and lack of natural resources, Singapore's 5.6 million people enjoy one of the highest average incomes in the world, ahead of countries like Germany, France and Japan. So, how did this little island get so rich?  Xiaomi 11 Lite NE 5G (Diamond Dazzle 6GB RAM 128 GB Storage) | Slimmest (6.81mm) & Lightest (158g) 5G Smartphone Explained:  Singapore doesn't have resources like coal or oil but it does have something which countries can't buy, location. The island sits in the middle of an important trade route connecting Asia to Europe. That's the key reason why the British decided, back in 1819, to set up a colony in Singapore. Location isn't everything though. There are several count

Japanese Management Approach

  Fossil Chronograph White Dial Men's Watch-CH2882 Amazon's Choice for "fossil watches for men" 16% off Japan has emerged as a world leader in industrial development. Today japan has great commercuial success. The japanese 'economic miracle' has attracted the attention from east and west. In this respect, many countries are turning to the japanese style of management. Although the entire japanese style of management may not be applicable to all nations due to social and cultural differences, certain characteristics features may find wide applicability. The roots of unique practices and style of Japanese management are as follows- (a) Groupism : Groups are the primary social unit throughout japan. Without getting the consensus of his group, the leader of a group can't do anything. In japan, self is seen as part of a group. (b) Confucianism : It is a descipline of life-style. It emphasizes the importance of loyalty to a boss, obedience to a senior person, th