Japanese Management Approach
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Japan has emerged as a world leader in industrial development. Today japan has great commercuial success. The japanese 'economic miracle' has attracted the attention from east and west. In this respect, many countries are turning to the japanese style of management. Although the entire japanese style of management may not be applicable to all nations due to social and cultural differences, certain characteristics features may find wide applicability.
The roots of unique practices and style of Japanese management are as follows-
(a) Groupism : Groups are the primary social unit throughout japan. Without getting the consensus of his group, the leader of a group can't do anything. In japan, self is seen as part of a group.
(b) Confucianism : It is a descipline of life-style. It emphasizes the importance of loyalty to a boss, obedience to a senior person, the boss obligation to his subordinates and hard work.
(c) Level of education : Nearly one out of three go on to the university. This high level of education may be the reason for the success of Quality control circle.
(d) Work Relationship : Employment in japan is viewed as a relationship and not as a labour contract. The work environment is a source industrial identification for the employee.
(e) Concept of service : There is also a high concept of service. The Japanese work for the good of their group and their company above all. Service to the society IS performed through the virtues of fairness, harmony, co-operation, betterment of quality, courtesy.
(f) Prevent problems : Japanese management practices are designed actively to prevent problems from happening. The japanese manager is expected to resolve these as and when they do occur.
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