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Meaning and Definition of Communication

The English word 'communication' has been derived from the latin word 'communis',which means common, consequently it implies that the communication is common understanding through communion of minds and hearts. This common understanding results not only through transfer of information and idea but also from transmission of the attitude.
      Communication is complete when the receiver understands in the same sense and spirit that the communicator intends to convey.

      "Communication is an exchange of facts, ideas, opinions or emotions by two or more persons."                       ¬W.H. Norman & Summer

      Communication is defined as "the process of passing information and understanding from one person to another. It is essentially a bridge of meaning between the people. By using the bridge a person can safely crossed the river of misunderstanding."
                                                                                ¬Keith Davis

"Communication is the sum tatal of all the things that a person does, when he wants to create understanding in the mind of another. It involves a systematic and continous process of telling, listening and understanding."                                               ¬Louis A. Allen                     
"Communication may be broadly defined as the process of meaningful interaction among human beings. More specifically it is the process by which meanings are perceived and understanding is reached among human beings."                             ¬D.E. Mc Farland

              The careful and critical study above definations reveals the following important features of communication:-

1. Communication is unavoidable
     Communication is always an existing and unavoidable phenomenon. Not to talk of facial expressions, positive gestures and other behavioral ways, even silence also conveys a lot about the person's attitude.

2. Continuous process
     Communication is not an art or event at an instance of time rather it is a continuous process, incorporating various events and activities that are inter-related and interdependent.

3. Two way traffic
     Communication is not complete unless the receiver understands the message. To ensure that the receiver has understood the message, there should be some sort of feedback. Thus the communication is two-way and not the one-way traffic.

4. The role of perception 
     Human perceptions, the process of interpreting and giving meaning to the objects or signs, through five senses (seeing, hearing, touching, tasting and feeling) plays a dominant role in the communication process. Our sensory receptors are limited and detect only a small part of the phenomenon, we notice. Consequently our communication is selective.

5. Universal
    Communication is universal phenomenon. All living creatures (human beings, birds, beasts etc) communicate through their own symbols and signs.

6. Social process
    Communication is a social process as it enables everyone ine the society to satisfy his basic needs and desires through exchange of written, spoken or non-verbal message.It is through communication that two or more person interact and influence each other and consequently bridge the gap in their understanding.

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